On African Development and Youth Diaspora: An interview from Austria to Africa

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“African Diaspora Youth Forum in Europe” project established by a group of youth workers and experts in Europe, aims to share experiences and best practices to empower youth by building their capacity, leadership skills, responsibilities and providing access to information in policy making and project initiatives, so they can truly and actively participate in their societies.

The Forum is the first of its kind held in Europe and presents a significant opportunity for African leaders and youth to network and work closely together in order to coordinate international dialogue amongst important stakeholders for African development. Specifically, through panel discussions, lectures and training sessions, tackle topics such as: access to quality jobs, entrepreneurship, economic development, Afro-Euro cooperation etc.

This year second Forum edition gathered, from 8-11 June in the United Nations Headquarters Vienna, experts, leaders, business-owners, change makers and more than 200 of young people from all around Europe and the global – toward development of African continent, as well as better position of African youth in the Diaspora.

“YouthVoice” caught up with Mr. Youssouf Simbo Diakité -the President and COE of ADYFE- for a brief chat, ahead of the youthful gathering in Vienna and ADYFE project.

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Ms. Sana: First Mr. Youssouf, we congratulate the ADYFE Committee Members on the successful event in Vienna. ADYFE had a large coverage in Europe and Africa, can you tell us briefly about the key ingredients success of ADYFE?

Mr. Youssouf: Thank you Ms. Sana for having me, this is very interesting question, and to be frank with you; ADYFE success keys could be explained in different levels, first the honest partnership and the trust among our partners; are the reason of their sustain support to our cause. Also, the presence of more than 200 participants in the forum explains their interest to be part of the change, our strategy was to make them the focal point of the decision making; we had youth representative in every ADYFE activity: in the discussion panels, workshops, trainings, moderation…

The team hard work is the fruit of ADYFE feat; we are a group of ambitious skilled young people from Europe and Africa, we work for one shared objective which is the future development. This year we had a very limited time to organize the event, but we manage to make this year forum a very successful one.

The combination of these three elements make ADYFE what it is today.

Ms. Sana: The target group of the event was “Youth Diaspora”, what does that mean to you? Why this focus on “Youth Diaspora”?

Mr. Youssouf: We are Youth Diaspora, we live in Europe but we are from Africa, we face the same challenges, and we have the same vision for the development of Africa, the focus on youth Diaspora is related to the missing gap in Africa, Youth Diaspora is the bridge connection that Africa needs and one of the answer for the African development. I believe in the Youth Diaspora contribution to the African progress in terms of remittances, direct investments and entrepreneurship, knowledge, and their diverse experiences. ADYFE believes the Diaspora has the potential to make the change that we contributing in.

Ms. Sana: Can you tell us more about the idea behind creating ADYFE?

Mr. Youssouf: The idea behind ADYFE is to create a platform where youth and experts meet and discuss the challenges of diaspora, provide them with appropriate information and also facilitate their return back home with projects in their hands. ADYFE creation was to fill in the missing gap and be the intermediate space to empower Youth Diaspora and accelerate youth programs and their capacity buildings.

The vision is to institutionalize ADYFE to make it part of the decision, to be the main network in the African development and the focal point of human and financial resources, to be the place where we can influence the decision makers and take youth recommendations into consideration.

We aim to make ADYFE the network where youth, expert, governments, promote entrepreneurship, African development, cooperation and intercultural dialogue.

Ms. Sana: Could you describe the impacts you want to achieve through ADYFE?

Mr. Youssouf: ADYFE project is part of 70000 organizations working for same objective, the impact we want to achieve is to link these organizations and work together for one same Diaspora project back home; then we will reach the Diaspora Africa Dream. If we link human power, resources, and the potential of these organizations, its impact will be huge contribution on the acceleration of the African development.

Ms. Sana: We’ve heard that ADYFE is an annual event, what are your next steps and programs for next year?

Mr. Youssouf: For the moment we want to organize a follow up program of the two editions we had, an occasion where we will study the impacts of our two editions on youth needs.

Next year event will be organized depending on the needs of the participants; we measure their needs, their appreciation, through personal evaluation where they express their ideas and recommendations.

We promise for a creative and innovative edition next year!

Ms. Sana: This year ADYFE edition was rich in terms of program sessions, workshops, panel discussions, many high-level personalities took part of the event, and we’ve heard also that many known business leaders came like Wati-b, how do you maintain this richness?

Mr. Youssouf: we make our partners, speakers and guests are part of the dialogue; we make them believe in our idea.

Each year is a new challenge; we need to come up with new innovative concept, strategic planning, and creative program sessions to maintain our partnerships. This requires a lot of work and patience.

We maintain this richness by our continuous hard work, we believe in our cause and we make them believe as well.

Ms. Sana: Very interesting! What is your vision for Africa?

Mr. Youssouf: My vision for Africa is to be peaceful continent, where everyone is empowered, equal and educated. This would have a great impact on the development of Africa; the only place where my heart beats.

Ms. Sana: Very powerful statement! Thank you so much for your devoted time, “YouthVoice” wishes you all the best for your next events.

Mr Youssouf: Thank you for having me!

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“Unlocking Youth Potential”: Interviews from Europe and Africa

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Youth unemployment becomes a challenge for governments and a nightmare for youth. Youth unemployment remains a barrier for the young generation in Africa and Europe. More than 75 million young people are unemployed internationally; this number is getting bigger in Africa, as it remains the youngest continent of the world with the highest number of unemployment among youth.

This large unemployed youth population indicates lost development potential since governments fail to benefit from the young people’s contribution. Also, difficulties in finding and sustaining decent employment diminish from a young person’s lifetime productivity, which makes it even more challenging to face poverty, hunger, health issues and more social and economic issues.

I caught up with Mr. Yassine Mohamed Ennaem, President of ADYNE (African Diaspora Youth Network in Europe) to get his opinion on the subject.

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Sana: First, thank you Mr. Yassine for taking the time to chat with us, we imagine how busy you are, and we’ve been informed that you will take part of the “African Diaspora Forum in Europe” this June as a Keynote Speaker, can you share with us a brief background of the work you do?

Mr. Yassine: Thank you Sana, it is my pleasure. I’m the President of ADYNE as you have mentioned Our target group to serve is mainly the African Diaspora community, thought we always make sure that other backgrounds and no African youth are present, our work is devoted to provide them with opportunities and skills, to motivate them and inspire them to change their situations in Europe to a better one, not only that but also to contribute to the society and to the development of their countries of living and Origin, and here allow me to tell that this was The vision of ADYNE since we created it “ to create a world where every African Diaspora youth in Europe can unite as Global Citizens to contribute to the sustainable development of both continents”

Sana: Amazing, as you know the forum is tackling a very challenging topic which is the youth unemployment among Africans living in the Diaspora, based on your case and in addition for being active in the Diaspora, you are also recognized as shifting example to the national development scale, how would you describe the current situation of Africans in Diaspora in Europe?

Mr. Yassine: To be fair, the youth unemployment nowadays is a challenge faced by all Youth in Europe, therefore we cannot connect it to people with African background only, though there are cases where people with African background did not have equal opportunities as others, I would say that this is not the rule, it remains a culture that will probably take sometimes to overtake it and the best way to face this issue is by being more competitive, youth with African background in many cases they should be better than others to be given a job, if they are just equal they are not given the priority unfortunately.

I would like to stress on the fact that today we can see large number of people with African background occupying a high positions in every field and sector, director, professors, doctors, judges, Ministers, MPs etc…

It is true that most of the first generation of Africans that came to Europe, came to do jobs that Europeans did not want to do at that time, but today the situation has changed, as we have reached 5th & 6th generations of African Diaspora in Europe, the new generations are educated and as qualified as the rest.

Europe constitutes one of the continents that has the biggest African community; we are about 4.5 million in France, 2, 8 million in UK, 1 million in Italy,1 million in Spain 817,500 in Germany, more than 300,000 in Belgium…

We must acknowledge that the Diaspora is a phenomenon of our times, the Diaspora represents a huge potential for the states, and it is outstandingly situated to contribute to the boosting of the economic growth and opulence in Africa and Europe.

I hope this Forum will serve as a starting point for solutions to these related issues that will bring huge opportunities for both continents on different levels.

Sana: VAS Organization is preparing a huge forum that will gather leaders, experts, international organizations an over 200 participants from all over the Diaspora and the world, representing different organizations and groups, the objective behind is to create a bridge of connection. What are your expectations for the Afro-Euro cooperation?

Mr. Yassine: The Afro-Euro cooperation is something that has existed on papers for long time, and it remained as a wish and promise, today this vision should be an action rather than a wish and a promise, and it should be based on mutual respect and mutual benefits and the two continents have the resources and the capitals to make it a win/win case.

The African diaspora in Europe can be the bridge between Africa and Europe in this cooperation. Here I remember an African Proverb that says “alone you can go fast together we can go far”

Sana: Very powerful, in one sentence what is your best advice for youth taking part in this forum this year?

Mr. Yassine: The world is changing, and we all need to learn how to adjust, and by saying all I don’t mean the African diaspora only.

I also believe that youth should not only think of finding jobs, but they should think out of the box and try to create jobs.

Sana: Wow, very inspiring, thank you for your time. See you in Vienna!

Mr. Yassine: Thank to you Sana for having me, special thanks to VAS and all the team working hard on organizing the Forum, See you in Vienna!

Meanwhile, this year VAS organization is tackling its actions and attention to bring in innovation approaches for youth and governments to face the situation of unemployment, by providing youth a platform where they can improve their expertise and knowledge to meet the needs of the job market. VAS organization organizes an annual event where both leaders of the world and youth meet to discuss and work on ways to create solutions and opportunities for young generation to be a development contributor.

VAS’s Delegates from all over Europe and Africa are putting in final preparations ahead of the “African Diaspora Youth Forum”, hosted by United Nations in Vienna. The main theme of the forum “Unlocking Youth Potential”

From Vienna, Mr. Ibrahima Djiguine, representative of VAS organization and the Co-project manager of this year event. Sana caught up with Mr. Ibrahim for a brief chat, ahead of the forum in Vienna.

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Sana: First, thank you Mr. Ibrahim for taking the time to chat with us, it must be a very busy period now for you as the forum date is approaching, and let me congratulate you on being a model for Africans living in the Diaspora. Out of the many Africans, you have been chosen by VAS organization as successful model I believe it’s because of a proven record of hard work in enhancing the African development. Can you share a brief background of the work you do?

Mr. Ibrahim: Thank you Sana for this opportunity to share my thoughts with you. Our mission is to create a suitable environment for academic success, promotion of culture, encourage entrepreneurship and solidarity for positive change. I have been since a year now a member of VAS and I was the co project manager of last year’ International Youth Conference. Our work involves different fields of activities with different projects.

We organize Forums and conferences with the goal of organizing and empowering the Youth to join growing movement and raising awareness on tackling the challenges faced by the Diaspora living in Europe.

We cooperate in a network with other organizations and experts from the African Youth, Youth in general and other important stakeholders all over the world. Our recent focus in the latest conference was capacity building, coordination of projects, networking and cooperation.

Sana: What are your challenges and best success story as African living in the Diaspora?

Mr. Ibrahim: There are many challenges involved in finding opportunities to investment, employment and most of all room for creative entrepreneurs to start new businesses for sustainable growth in Africa.

We try our best to motivate millions of Diaspora to invest their Finance back home and contribute their skills to the advance. Fostering entrepreneurship and innovation for sustainable development of our countries is our ambitions and this is not found to be easy not only for Africa but other parts of the world. However through our training programs and workshops we discuss ways how the Diaspora can participate in the development of our countries mainly in policy making and decision making levels.

Sana: As an active symbol of African in the Diaspora, how would you describe the current situation of Africans in Diaspora in your home country, and how do you manage to contribute in the development of your country?

Mr. Ibrahim: To answer this question I will start by mentioning that I have good feeling in general about how the Diaspora currently contribute to the advancement of their countries.

I strongly believe that the African Diaspora’s contribution as agents of Africa’s socioeconomic change should not be measured merely in financial terms, but as inputs of skilled labor and by its ability to build bridges between countries of origin and destination which help stimulate, not only economic activity, but transfers of knowledge and cultural and social norms.

There are several ways in which I participate to the development of my country. These ways include promoting development: Through innovation, broad based networks I am taking my love for Africa and applying it with ingenuity for good.

Creating greater awareness of Africa’s development issues

  • Increasing collaboration with other African Diaspora in development and mainstream International Development organizations
  • Contribute to the increasingly irrefutable evidence and recognition of the value that the African Diaspora brings to development efforts at home.

Sana: VAS Organization is preparing a huge forum that will gather over 200 participants from all over the Diaspora and the world, representing different organizations and groups. What is your best advice for them?

Mr. Ibrahim: As this is a continuation of last year’s international youth conference which was an outstanding one, I invite all the youth to come and have the opportunity to meet and share ideas with experts as well as networking and working closely together in order to coordinate international dialogue amongst important stakeholders for African development.

Sana: What are your expectations for the “African Diaspora Youth Forum in Europe”?

Mr. Ibrahim: My expectation is that after this forum I hope we will be able to make contributions to

  • Empower young people to be the shifters of the future, and to be active contributor in the political, social and economic development of Africa and Europe;
  • Create new opportunities to boost the social responsibility, integration and social entrepreneurship by enhancing Africa/Europe Youth Cooperation projects.
  • Establish a connection among young people, policy‐makers and the social partners to empower youth development in both regions Africa/Europe;
  • Share and exchange the best practices on youth employment, civic participation to meet the MDGs goals;

Sana: Very exciting, I have no doubt that VAS forum will be successful. Thank you for your time. See you in Vienna!

Mr. Ibrahim: Thank you for having me!

African Diaspora Youth Forum in Europe !! Apply

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#‎VASOpportunity‬ ‪#‎ApplyToADYFE‬

‪#‎VAS‬ is pleased to inform you about our event “African Diaspora Youth Forum in Europe” that will take place the 9-10 June 2015 in Vienna.

The Forum is the first of its kind held in Europe and presents a significant opportunity for African leaders and youth to network and work closely together in order to coordinate international dialogue amongst important stakeholders for African development. Specifically, through panel discussions, lectures and training session, conference will tackle topics such as: access to quality jobs, entrepreneurship, economic development etc.

More details the call can be found from here:
http://www.vas-oesterreich.at/youth-in-diaspora-a-means-t…/…

If you would like to participate, please refer to the attached Call for Participants and the Application Form for more details. We would be happy to provide you with further information and reply potential questions by email, if you decide to honor us with your participation.

Youth unemployment in Africa, whom to blame?

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Do the African governments establish any national plans to confront the economic crisis facing their youth? Are Africans in Diaspora a forgotten element of the African economic development?

Who should be blamed? The foreign colonization? The African governments? Or the youth themselves?

One of the biggest challenges facing governments in Africa is providing employment opportunities for more than 200 million young people so that they can have decent lives and contribute to the social and economic development of their countries.

Actually Africa has the fastest population growth predictable between now and 2050 and the youngest population in the world. It is decisive that governments react towards this youth growth into national and social development planning.

Youth employment challenges in Africa are most of the time perceived as a result of rapid population growth rates, and then it becomes hard to control and to correspond to all the needs. Actually, it is not the numbers of young people that has led unemployment, but lack of specific structural strategic planning where it should meet the needs of every individual country. It is not possible to apply the same plan confrontation of economic problems to all African countries, since every country has its specific characteristics and needs, African governments need to inspire from example models but implement it within the conditions and the priorities of their home countries.

It is true that a growing youth population is a challenge for Africa today, but it cannot be the reason behind the unemployment figures in Africa. These figures are largely the results of specific economic and political behaviors. Like for example: lack of investments in infrastructure and enhancing sectors with potential for creating jobs, lack of evaluating and developing policies on economic growth in Africa, lack of investing in rural areas and rural youth.

One of the biggest losses of Africa today, is the lack of communicating and investing in youth in the Diaspora, youth Diaspora is outstandingly situated to contribute to boosting the economic growth and prosperity in Africa, and they bring a unique point of views to the discourse on Africa because they have experienced both worlds. They often choose to stay in their host countries because of the lack of not only investing on them, but also lack of decent jobs and complexity of procedures to implement their projects that would lead to economic growth, which in the other hand easier in their host countries, by that Africa loses a rich contributor element and call for professional foreign help.

Levels of education in Africa are moderately low creating a suitable skills gap among youth at working age. This generates lack of skills meeting the needs of the job market.

Though young people today are better educated than their parents, they remain about twice as likely to be unemployed than their elders. This is partially because of a divergence between their skills and what the work market is seeking for.

The African Development Bank estimated that 25% of African youths are still illiterate and even though a rise in primary school enrolment, the lack of skills levels in the workforce will continue to be a crucial problem facing Africa, unless African governments start to develop educational strategy that meet the job market.

In fact, there are some initiatives launched to confront this issue, for example in Senegal, there is an initiative called the Agence d’Exécution des Travaux d’Intéret Public, where unemployed youth are trained before getting permanent jobs. In Burkina Faso, through a project, student attend school and at the same time work as trainee to learn industry specific skills.

Nonetheless, with increasing numbers of youth population, these few initiatives aren’t able enough to face the unemployment issue and the difficulties that come with it.

We often hear that the lack of development in Africa is due to the colonization effects, well many countries of the world have been colonized but moved on, including developing countries, sometimes I think Africans are colonized in their minds when they keep holding the idea of blaming the current situation on history colonization even though there might be an effect, but our concern is to find out solutions and to move forward, make a development not as a desire but as an action. Africans need to look on the future and stop looking back on the past.

The relationship between population and youth unemployment is very complicated. As populations increase, concentrated efforts are needed to be done to avoid the youth exclusion from work market and lack of economic growth. To do this, African countries need to address the economic growth issues through transformative economic and social policies.

It is our duties as individual as well to find solutions, to contribute in an innovative way to develop our communities and countries, it always starts with oneself.

As Socrates said: “THE SECRET OF CHANGE lS TO FOCUS ALL OF YOUR ENERGY NOT ON FIGHTING THE OLD BUT ON BUILDING THE NEW”.

Sana AFOUAIZ

Morocco between the African and the Arab Identity

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This short article is dedicated for all the Africans that said I’m not African and all the Arabs who said I’m not Arab.

The question of the Moroccan identity seems to be a debate that I always have to explain whenever I travel, especially when I meet some of my Africans and Arabs fellows, so Africans would ask me “where are you from?”, me” Morocco”, them: “Ah, you are an Arab who don’t admit the African origins”, then Arabs ask the same and then say “Oh you are the ones who don’t speak Arabic only French”. I’m not saying all the Africans and Arabs think the same way, but these answers and questions I’ve heard from many of them. Then I had to explain that Moroccan identity is mixed between the Arab, African and Amazighi culture, which make Morocco one of most diverse countries, with different languages, ethnics, cultures… But for some it seems not easy to understand.

This question is periphrastic, Morocco is situated at the peak of the African continent, and it stretches itself along the top of the Sahara all the way down to sub-Saharan Africa. It is linked to the Middle East as it shares the same mother tongue language and the same religions -Arabs are not only Muslims, There are Christian and Jews Arabs- and approximately the same political and social challenges.

Morocco is connected as well to Europe for the economic relations that gather not only Morocco to European Union, but as well Africa to Europe. Also, Morocco was colonized by France, so don’t get surprised when you hear a Moroccan speaking half French half Moroccan. To be honest, the French influence has dominant effects on the way Moroccans speak; you should expect that with some Moroccans you will have to speak French, otherwise you are underestimated. It is advantageous to master different languages, but it is bad when people are treated according to their level of French speaking.

Speaking of “Africanism”, which is far more imposing when studying Morocco’s history. Some of my African friends told me once “You guys aren’t Africans because you aren’t part of the African Union, you left the AU, so how come you consider yourselves Africans!”-i won’t answer this because it’s very political subject that will lead to another debate which is not the focus of this article- But anyway, Morocco is situated in the North of Africa, which means that geographically Morocco is an African country, if Morocco left the African Union, that’s because of a political reason, but Morocco still one of the most active African countries investing in Africa and it constitutes an open economic gate for sub-Saharan countries toward Europe.

From the other hand, I asked some Moroccans “Are you African?” and I got the most shocking answers -which is common between the North Africans though- they said:” Not really, Africans are black, but I’m not black” , and I was like “Should I be black do to be called African?”

Morocco politically and economically is focusing on Africa in the recent years, as many projects have been implemented so to foster the global economic of Africa. This shows how important Africa is for Morocco.

Now let’s talk about the Amazighi identity, the Amazighi people who constitute about 48 % of the population, which is the native identity of Morocco before the Arabs came to spread Islam religion, Arabs and Amazighi from then lived peacefully together and then founded the Moroccan identity, a mixture between the two identities, till 1930 when the Amazighi culture was denied and then divided the Arabs and the Amazighi, it was the easiest way for French colonizers to control the country, but even after the independence, Amazighi still didn’t feel conformable to speak Amazighi in public places or even to tell that they are Amazighi. From then on, there still stereotypes between the two groups which normally should constitute one group.

The situation has been improved now, as the language became official in the Morocco constitution, and the identity of Tamazight has been more and more integrated.

Arabs from the other hand criticize Morocco for not speaking pure Arabic in every daily life, but wait, there are no Arabs that speak exactly classical Arabic in their daily life, they speak Arabic accent like Egyptian, Lebanese, Palestinian, and Jordanian… These are accent not classical Arabic language; though it is true that Moroccan dialect is different since it is a mixture between Arabic, Tamazight, French and Spanish, but just because the other Arabs can’t understand the Moroccan accent, it doesn’t means that Moroccans don’t master the classical Arabic, for those who don’t know Arabic is the first official language of Morocco.

I believe that diversity is richness. I have always felt fortunate for the diversity in my country. I admire the fact that everything is different and yet so much alike. What I don’t like are the divisions that are based on such differences that should not minimize who we are or anyone else.

In Morocco, we can never speak of a pure race or ethnicity, everything is bonded and intermixed.

I believe this categorization of people is preposterous, since it disturbs our wonders from the beauty of us as diverse; a fusion and combination. We spend so much time identifying differences and putting barriers between “us” and “them”; whoever “us” and “them” are.

Next time don’t ask me to choose whether I’m African or Arab, and don’t you dare to question if I’m Amazighi or Arab. I’m Moroccan, I’m mixture between them all, I’m African, I’m Arab, I’m Amazighi, I’m Andaloussi…

What difference would that make to you now? Would you treat me any different? Better or worse?

International Youth Conference-Youth in Diaspora, a means to support development

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Meet the President of “VAS” Mr. Youssouf:

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The “International Youth Conference: Youth in Diaspora, a means to support development” was organized by VAS Austria from 22-24 October 2014 in Vienna, in collaboration with UNIDO (United Nations Industrial Development Organization) and the partnership of Austrian Development Cooperation/Agency (ADA).

The Conference was the first of its kind held in Europe and presents an undeniable opportunity for African leaders and Ambassadors, diplomats, foreign policy & development experts and UN officials to work closely together and coordinate international dialogue amongst important stakeholders for African development, which will produce real benefits for young Africans in terms of entrepreneurship and sustainable development of the region.

Participants benefited from different trainings, workshops, and got the chance to be presidents of Africans countries in the Model of African Union, an opportunity that led them to discover about African countries that they didn’t know before, and exercise the same duty as leaders which is the decision making and speaking out in the name of the citizens.

An important session in the event was dedicated to understand the opportunities and the challenges facing Africa in creating decent jobs for its youth.

The experts discussed the definition of decent job, its characteristic and the role the diaspora can play in the development of jobs in Africa and Europe.

Mr. Charles Dan, the International Labor Organization Representative, mentioned that in the last years many young men and women were rated unemployed, this crisis touched Africa in a very critical way. In sub-Saharan countries, finding jobs it is just another challenging story that faces young Africans.

Mr. Charles said: “In Africa we don’t have a decent job; we strive for jobs with quality. Decent jobs are based on quality and respect and promotion of the international standards and guaranteeing insurance security”

What do we need to do to have a better rate of job creation in Africa?

Mr. Charles insists on the necessity to launch developed economic policies and make these policies a priority, invest in the economic strategies is the only way to create jobs in Africa.

In the other hand, Africans in Diaspora most of the time don’t return to their home countries because of the lack of getting decent jobs, the lack of experienced professionals pushes Africa to look for foreign people for work. Investing in providing decent jobs for African Diaspora is a crucial.

Africa is missing a clear and well-organized methodology to address the issue of employment among Africans; Africa needs to start with this to confront this issue.

Africans need to be provided by loans, opportunities of entrepreneurship and companies ownership, Africans need to be trained to be competent which will make Africa rely on itself instead of asking foreign help, also gender equality orientation and protection should be ensured. Communication and connection between Africa and the diaspora is very important for the development of business in the region.

Mr. Djibril Coulibaly, United Nations Industrial Development Organization Representative, believes that the question on how to achieve job creation opportunities is related to the level of commitment and investments that African leaders show towards this issue, he insists on the need for practical actions instead of continuous political speeches, the real work in the reality.

The question of creation of jobs is a problem of all countries, especially the sub Saharan countries, each year Africa ends up with 11 million of young people who join the job market, but the question do we have this job market?

Mr. Djibril Coulibaly invites Africa to think about the necessity of providing satisfied jobs and not only remunerable jobs where Africans can improve their knowledge and creativity.

While Mr. Jesse Ojbor, UNIDO Representative, insists on the importance of Africans in Diaspora in bring out global jobs connections opportunities into Africa, which will boost the international economy of the region.

He highlighted also the definition of youth age that differs from a country to another in Africa which influences the vision of providing jobs for youth. He stressed on the fact that Africans today can play a brain drain and a brain gain role. In fact, he believes that Africans wherever they are, they can help in the economic development of their countries, he gave an illustrative example of an African who sends money to his mom and who uses it in an entrepreneurship project of hers, which in the other side helps in shifting the economic situation of his country.

Mr. Malick Sy, UNIDO Senegal Representative, invites the African governments to provide their youth with quality education, trainings and work experiences, and then Africa won’t need foreign professionals.

Mr. Malick believes that public and private sector need to work together for the development of the region, by that coordinating strategies and efforts.

Mr. Mohamed Yahya Murad, Board Member of Bahrain Voluntary Work Society, shared his experience to empower youth employment in Bahrain through his project “Tamkin”, that provides financial and advisory aid to meet the needs of the Bahraini youth, and lead them to meet the economic vision of the country.

The event was a successful beneficial for the Youth from Africa and Europe, as many of them shared their hunger to make change once they get back home, because they believe that it is time for action.

Sana AFOUAIZ

Moroccan women: Between the Western and the conservative Islamic Culture

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This article was published on “The Voice of Women Initiative”, check: http://vowinitiative.org/2013/08/26/moroccan-women-between-the-western-and-the-conservative-islamic-culture/

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The situation of Moroccan women seems to be different comparing to other Arab countries like for example Saudi Arabia and Yemen…; it’s quite different and similar at the same time.

I’m a young woman, student in college; I live in Rabat which is the capital city of Morocco, but originally from Agadir which is located in the south of Morocco.  I have observed that the situation of women in the two cities is different. In Rabat, Casablanca and other big cities, women seem to have more independence than other cities especially in rural areas where women are not allowed to do many things that empowers them.

Generally, the situation of Moroccan women is cut between that of women in the Western countries and those in conservative Islamic countries, as I said in big cities everything related to women seem to be fine on the surface starting with their clothing which vary from the perspective of each woman; there are women who wear Western outfits, and others who prefer the traditional conservative Moroccan dressing (Jellaba and Foulard…). The choice of clothing depends on the age and profession. Generally, teenagers wear casual Western outfits while working women wear Western-style business dress and older unemployed women wear traditional clothing.

Whenever you go into big Moroccan cities, you will find women workers in different domains in banks, shops, schools, holding important positions in government… You can find taxi drivers and women working in Souk … This seem a relief situation for women in Moroccan society to have a choice to get the job they want and to work as they want. I asked many working women about their salary and if it is similar to their male colleagues, I always get a YES answer; this is different comparing to the discrimination that used to be toward women’s salary 10 years ago.

I study in a college where more than half of the students are women, so it doesn’t seem to be any partiality against women working and going to school, in these listed cities. These annotations are limited to Rabat and Casablanca; the situation in rural areas is quite different and serious.

In rural areas women and girls do not have the right to go to school, because it is shame for her and her family, rural people believe that women should stay at home, do household work, raise their children and take care of their husbands.

In the whole of Morocco, there is a tremendously high illiteracy rate, especially in the rural areas, and expressly among women. According to the UNDP, more than 80% of women in rural Morocco are illiterate. Women face unfavorable and discriminatory attitudes of some communities towards their education. In fact, girls marry before reaching the legal age, even with the existence of the new Moudawana.

Exactly, grounded on what I said overhead about women going to work and school, Rabat, Casablanca and other big cities are not a representative sample of the situation of the Moroccan woman.

Note: this article is based on my own personal experiences and observations.

Sana AFOUAIZ